Orientações topo da osteoporose

Disease-related bone loss can occur with almost any kind of chronic disease that is associated with malnutrition and disuse.

Diagnostyka za pomocą obrazowania radiologicznego jest podstawową formą diagnozowania w dzisiejszych czasach. Wykorzystywana jest w każdym etapie leczenia chorego – od rozpoznania samej choroby, poprzez postępy w czasie leczenia, aż po wykrywanie powikłań.

Preparar este paciente e o ambiente de modo a a realização por exames nos serviços do radiologia e diagnóstico por imagem;

Swoją popularność osiągnęła dzięki ogólnej dostępności i niewielkiemu kosztowi przeprowadzenia. Możliwość obserwacji w czasie rzeczywistym oraz natychmiastowa możliwość diagnozowania również znacząco wpłynęły na popularność tej metody obrazowania.

Se il paziente ha una forte familiarità con l’osteoporosi, cioè quando parenti stretti dell’individuo hanno avuto questa malattia e avrebbero potuto trasmettergliela geneticamente;

Information on osteoporosis can be obtained by writing the National Osteoporosis Foundation, 1232 22nd St. NW, Washington, DC 20037-1292 or consulting their web sitio at . They have also published clinical guidelines for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis on their web sitio.

Osteoporosis affects 20 million U.S. residents, about 80% of them women, and costs U.S. society as much as $13.oito billion annually. About 1.3 million fractures attributable to osteoporosis occur each year in people aged 45 and older, and this condition is responsible for 50% of fractures occurring in women older than age 50. Although all bones are affected, compression fractures of the vertebrae and traumatic fractures of the wrist and femoral neck are most common. Loss of body height and development of kyphosis may be the only signs of vertebral collapse. Fractures in the elderly often lead to loss of mobility and independence, social alienation, fear of further falls and fractures, and depression. After hip fracture, most elderly patients fail to recover normal activity, and mortality within 1 year approaches 20%. Osteoporosis occurs when bone resorption outpaces bone formation. Underlying mechanisms are complex and probably diverse. Bone constantly undergoes cycles of resorption and remodeling to maintain the concentration of calcium and phosphate in the extracellular fluid. When serum calcium concentration drops, increased secretion of parathyroid hormone stimulates bone resorption by osteoclasts to restore serum calcium levels to normal. Bone mass declines with age and is influenced by sex, race, menopause, and weight-for-height. Dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D as well as intestinal and renal function affect calcium and phosphate homeostasis. The risk of osteoporosis is highest in postmenopausal women. Asian or white race, underweight, dietary calcium deficiency, sedentary lifestyle, alcohol use, and cigarette smoking appear to be independent risk factors. The decline of vitamin D3 level with aging results in calcium malabsorption, which, in turn, stimulates bone resorption. Estrogen deficiency exacerbates this problem by increasing the sensitivity of bone to resorbing agents. Female athletes who become amenorrheic because of rigorous exercise and dietary restriction or eating disorders are at risk of osteoporosis. The formation and resorption of bone are also influenced by external physical factors such as body weight and exercise. Immobilization and prolonged bed rest produce rapid bone loss, whereas exercise involving weight-bearing, resistance, and high impact has been shown both to reduce bone loss and to increase bone mass. Risk factors for osteoporosis in men include alcoholism, chronic lung disease, hypogonadism, and rheumatoid arthritis, and other disorders that restrict mobility. Osteoporosis is common in young adults with cystic fibrosis and in people receiving long-term thyroid hormone or glucocorticoid therapy. The diagnosis of primary osteoporosis is established by documentation of reduced bone density after exclusion of known causes of excessive bone loss.

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The drug is given in two injections under the skin (in the same sitting) once a month for 12 months or less. It has a “black box” warning because the Evenity may increase the risk of heart attacks or strokes, so it’s not recommended for people with a history of either.

Symptoms of severe osteoporosis can include a fracture from a fall or even from a strong sneeze or cough. They can also include back or neck pain, or loss of height.

Les fractures peuvent causer des douleurs ainsi qu'une perte d'autonomie particulièrement invalidante dans la vie quotidienne Muito mais aussi une perte do confiance en soi.

sono pubblicate a scopo esclusivamente descubra isso aqui informativo: non possono sostituirsi o integrare la diagnosi svolta dal medico.

radiology - the branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of X-rays or other penetrating radiation

Conosci lo scopo di un esame di densitometria ossea. La maggior parte delle persone si sottopongono a questo test per verificare eventuali sintomi di osteoporosi.

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